Biodynamic farming


Biodynamic farming was invented by Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925), an Austrian intellectual who founded anthroposophy. Steiner established the theoretical foundations of biodynamic farming through a series of eight lectures known as “Agricultural Course” or “Spiritual Foundation for the Renewal of Agriculture” in Koberwitz Castle (near Wroclaw, Poland) in June 1924.

Ehrenfeld Pfeiffer, German author of The Fertility of Land, and one of Rudolf Steiner’s close associates, developed more practical principles of biodynamic farming. Maria Thun, another German associate of Steiner’s, created a biodynamic calendar.

The Demeter Organization was also established during this time to encourage the growth of biodynamic farming and to officially certify biodynamic agricultural products. Since then, many new leaders in this field such as: Nicolas Joly and Pierre Masson (French), Enzo Nastati (Italian), and Alex Pondolinski (Australian), have adjusted and improved the biodynamic method to accommodate the results of more modern experiments and data.